Questions and Solved Examples on Seating Arrangement
Four girls are sitting on a bench to be photographed:
(i) Shikha is to the left of Reena.
(ii) Manju is to the right of Reena.
(iii) Rita is between Reena and Manju.
Who would be second from the left in the photograph?
Shikha is to the left of Reena and Manjuis to her right. Rita is between Reena and Manju.
So, the order is: Shikha, Reena, Rita, Manju.
In the photograph, Rita will be second from left.
There are five different houses, A to E, in a row:
(i) A is to the right of B.
(ii) B is to the right of D.
(iii) E is to the left of C and right of A.
Which of the houses is in the middle?
A is to the right of B, B is to the right of D and E is to the left of C and right of A.
So, the order is: D, B, A, E, C.
Clearly, A is in the middle.
In a march-past, seven persons are standing in a row:
(i) Q is standing left to R but right to P.
(ii) O is standing right to N and left to P.
(iii) Similarly, S is standing right to R and left to T.
Find out who is standing in the middle.
Q is left to R and to the right of P, i.e. P, Q, R.
O is to the right of N and left of P, i.e. N, O, P.
S is to the right of R and left of T, i.e. R, S, T.
So the order is: N, O, P, Q, R, S, T.
Clearly, Q is in the middle.
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Five children are sitting in a row:
(i) S is sitting next to P but not T.
(ii) K is sitting next R who is sitting on the extreme left.
(iii) T is not sitting next to K.
Who are sitting adjacent to S?
A. K and P
B. R and P
C. Only P
D. P and T
D. P and T
S is sitting next to P. So, the order S, P or P, S is followed.
K is sitting next to R. So, the order R, K is followed because R is on the extreme left.
T is not next to P or K.
So, the arrangement will be R, K, P, S, T.
Clearly, P and T are sitting adjacent to S.
Five girls are sitting in a row:
(i) Rashi is not adjacent to Sulekha or Abha.
(ii) Anuradha is not adhacent to Sulekha.
(iii) Rashi is adjacent to Monika.
(iv) Monika is at the middle in the row.
Then, Anuradha is adjacent to whom out of the following?
Clearly, the order is: Anuradha, Rashi, Monika, Sulekha, Abha. Anuradha is adjacent to Rashi.
In the Olympic Games, the flags of six nations were flown on the masts in the following way:
(i) The flag of America was to the left of Indian tricolour and to the right of the flag of France.
(ii) The flag of Australia was on the right of the Indian flag but was to the left of the flag of Japan, which was to the left of the flag of China.
Find the two flags which are in the centre.
A. India and Australia
B. Japan and Australia
C. America and India
D. America and Australia
A. India and Australia
Clearly, the correct sequence is: France, America, India, Australia, Japan, China.
The two flags in the centre are of India are Australia.
Mr. A, Miss B, Mr. C and Miss D are sitting around a table and discussing their trades:
(i) Mr. A sits opposite Mr. C.
(ii) Miss B sits right to the barber.
(iii) The washerman is on the left of the tailor.
(iv) Miss D sits opposite Mr. C.
What are the trades of A and B?
A. Tailor and Barber
B. Tailor and Cook
C. Barber and Cook
D. Washerman and Cook
B. Tailor and Cook
Clearly, C and D sit opposite to each other. So, if A sits opposite to cook, B shall be the cook.
Now, B is to the right of barber. So, one of the rest, say C will be barber.
Clearly, then D on the opposite side shall be washerman or tailor. But, washerman is left of tailor and D on the left of A.
So, D is washerman and A is tailor.
Thus, A and B are Tailor and Cook.
Sitting in a row in front of a camera:
(i) Mr. X on the left of the person sitting in the centre but is on the right of Mr. Y.
(ii) Mr. P is on the right of Mr. Z and Mr. R is on the right of Mr. P.
(iii) Mr. R is the second person from the person sitting in the centre.
Who is the person sitting in the centre?
A. Mr. X
B. Mr. Y
C. Mr. Z
D. Mr. R
C. Mr. Z
Mr. X is on the right of Mr. Y and on the left of person in the centre, i.e. Y, X, ---
Mr. P is on the right of Mr. Z and Mr. R is on the right of Mr. P, i.e. Z, P, R.
R is second from the person sitting in the centre.
So, the order is Y, X, Z, P, R.
Clearly, Z is sitting in the centre.
There are seven books one each on Psychology, Hindi, English, Sociology, Economics, Education and Accountancy, lying on a table one above the other:
(i) Sociology is on the top of all the books.
(ii) Accountancy is immediately below Education which is immediately below Sociology.
(iii) Economics is immediately above Psychology but not in the middle.
(iv) Hindi is immediately below Psychology.
Economics is between which of the following books?
A. Accountancy and Education
B. Psychology and Hindi
C. English and Psychology
D. Psychology and Sociology
C. English and Psychology
Sociilogy is on top of all books, Education is below Sociology. Accountancy is below Education.
Economics is above Psychology and Psychology is above Hindi.
Economics is not in the middle. So, in the middle lies the seventh book, i.e. English.
Thus, the sequence from top to bottom is :
Sociology, Education, Accountancy, English, Economics, Psychology, Hindi.
Economics is between English and Psychology.
In a shop, the items were arranged in a shelf consisting of six rows:
(i) Biscuits are arranged above the tins of chocolates but below the rows of packets of chips,
(ii) Cakes are at the bottom and the bottles of peppermints are below the chocolates.
(iii) The topmost row had the display of jam bottles.
Where exactly are the bottles of peppermints? Mention the place from the top.
Jam bottles are at the top.
Biscuits are below chips, chocolates are below biscuits.
Peppermints are below chocolates and cakes are at the bottom.
So, the sequence from top to bottom is: Jam bottles, Chips, Biscuits, Chocolates, Peppermint, Cakes.
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In a pile of reading material, there are novels, story-books, dramas and comics. Every novel has a drama next to it, every story-book has a comic next to it and there is no story-book next to novel. If there be a novel at the top and the number of books be 40, the order of the books in the pile is:
Clearly the sequence is: Novels, Dramas, Story-books, Comics, i.e. NDSC.
In a pile of 10 books, there are 3 of History, 3 of Hindi, 2 of Mathematics and 2 of English:
(i) Taking from above, there is an English books between a History and Mathematics book,
(ii) A History book between a Mathematics and an English book,
(iii) A Hindi book between an English and A Mathematics book,
(iv) A Mathematics book between two Hindi books and two Hindi books between a Mathematics and a History book.
Book of which subject is at the sixth position from the top?
Starting from above, English is between History and Mathematics, i.e. H, E, M.
History is between Mathematics and English, i.e. H, E, M, H, E.
Hindi is between English and Mathematics, i.e. H, E, M, H, E, Hi, M.
Mathematics is between two Hindi books, i.e. H, E, M, H, E, Hi, M, Hi.
Two Hindi books are between Mathematics and History, i.e. H, E, M, H, E, Hi, M, Hi, Hi, H.
Clearly, Hindi book is at sixth position from top.
There are five friends and they are standing in a row facing South:
(i) Jayesh is to the immediate right of Alok.
(ii) Pramod is between Bhagat and Subodh.
(iii) Subodh is between Jayesh and Pramod.
Who is at the extreme left end?
D. None of these
The boys are standing facing south. So, consider 'left' and 'right' accordingly.
Jayesh is to the right of Alok i.e. J, A.
Pramod is between Bhagat and Subodh i.e. B, P, S.
Subodh is between Jayesh and Pramod.
So, the sequence is: Bhagat, Pramod, Subodh, Jayesh, Alok → South
Clearly, Alok is at the extreme left end.
Six friends A, B, C, D, E and F are sitting in a closed circle facing the centre.
(i) A is facing D.
(ii) C is between A and B.
(iii) F is between E and A.
Who is to the immediate left of B?
If you draw a circle and satisfy the conditions, then you will clearly see that C is to the immediate left of B.
Seven friends Kamal, Manish, Rohit, Amit, Gaurav, Pritam and Priya are sitting in a circle:
(i) Kamal, Manish, Rohit, Amit, Pritam and Priya are sitting at equal distances from each other.
(ii) Rohit is sitting two places right of Pritam, who is sitting one place right of Amit.
(iii) Kamal forms an angle of 90 degrees from Gaurav and an angle of 120 degrees from Manish.
(iv) Manish is just opposite Priya and is sitting on the left of Gaurav.
Who is the only person sitting between Rohit and Manish?
If you draw a circle and satisfy the conditions, then you will clearly see that Gaurav is sitting between Rohit and Manish.