# Statement and Arguments – Aptitude Questions and Solved Examples with Explanation (Logical Reasoning, Strong and Weak Argument)

## Questions and Solved Examples on Statement and Arguments

Directions for questions 1 to 15: Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.
A. If only argument I is strong.
B. If only argument II is strong.
C. If either I or II is strong.
D. If neither I nor II is strong and
E. If both I and II are strong.

Q.1: Statement: Should the cricket team have more than one wicketkeeper in a match?
Arguments:
(I) Yes, since if one of them gets injured other can do wicketkeeping in place of him/her.
(II) No, since it disturbs the balance of the side.
Explanation: Argument I is strong, as it supports that there must be more than one wicketkeeper. Argument II can be an ambiguous statement therefore it is a weak argument.

Q.2: Statement: Should parents educate both their daughters and sons equally or the sons must be made more educated so that they can help in financial matters of the home.
Arguments:
(I) No, sons must be made more educated as they are more intelligent than daughters.
(II) Sons must be made more educated since daughters get married and go to another place.
Explanation: In the statement, there is nothing mentioned about intelligence therefore argument I is weak. Argument II is strong, as daughters go to another home and sons have to look after the home when their parents require it.

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Q.3: Statement: Plastic must be banned in India?
Arguments:
(I) Yes, since this will reduce environmental pollution.
(II) No, since it will create problems of carrying bags like polythenes for the household people.
Explanation: Argument I is strong statement while argument II creates ambiguity therefore it is a weak argument.

Q.4: Statement: IPL is a glamorous event organised every year. Hard core rich franchises spend millions of rupees to participate in this mega event. Players are bought in crores.
Arguments:
(I) IPL is a waste of money.
(II) Match fixing is done to won their teams so its a corrupted event organised.
Explanation: The argument I is weak as in statement wastage is not discussed. Argument II says about match-fixing while in the statement nowhere it's discussed that match-fixing is the reason for high spending the reason will be maximum revenue generation. Therefore, none of the arguments is strong to support the statement.

Q.5: Statement: Should there be mandatory medical check before entry to any medical college.
Arguments:
(I) No, this an intrusion to the privacy  of the individual and cannot be tolerated.
(II) Yes this will make the entry of doctors with medically fit background.
Explanation: Argument I is weak argument. Argument II strongly supports the statement.

Q.6: Statement: Should the factories which are in loss must be shut down?
Arguments:
(I) No, It will increase the rate of unemployment and many of them will lose their jobs.
(II) Yes, in the competitive rule is the survival of the fittest.
Explanation: Closing down will definitely make the unemployment rate increase and many of them will be unemployed. Therefore argument I hold true. Argument II is vague as it contradicts the statement.

Q.7: Statement: Should private engineering colleges be closed in India?
Arguments:
(I) Private colleges have less admission due to the reduced engineering craze therefore they must be closed now.
(II) Revenue generation is still maximum in private colleges.
Explanation: Argument I says about the reduced engineering craze which is the reason behind the closing of engineering colleges in India, therefore its a strong argument. Argument II talks about revenue generation this creates ambiguity.

Q.8: Statement: Criminals must be treated well in jail as they are also human beings?
Arguments:
(I) No, since this will inhibit the feeling in them that they can do anything and escape.
(II) Yes, because all humans must be treated equally.
Explanation: The argument I is weak as this is not discussed as a theme in the statement. So, only Argument II is strong.

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Q.9: Statement: Should India encourage exports, when most things are insufficient for internal use itself?
Arguments:
(I) Yes. We have to earn foreign exchange to pay for our imports.
(II) No. Even selective encouragement would lead to shortages.
Explanation: Clearly, India can export only the surplus and that which can be saved after fulfilling its own needs, to pay for its imports. Encouragement to export cannot lead to shortages as it shall provide the resources for imports. So, only argument I holds strong.

Q.10: Statement: Should all the drugs patented and manufactured in Western countries be first tried out on sample basis before giving licence for sale to general public in India?
Arguments:
(I) Yes. Many such drugs require different doses and duration for Indian population and hence it is necessary.
(II) No. This is just not feasible and hence cannot be implemented.
Explanation: Clearly, health of the citizens is an issue of major concern for the Government. So, a product like drugs, must be first studied and tested in the Indian context before giving licence for its sale. So, only argument I holds strong.

Q.11: Statement: Should India make efforts to harness solar energy to fulfil its energy requirements?
Arguments:
(I) Yes, Most of the energy sources used at present is exhaustible.
(II) No. Harnessing solar energy requires a lot of capital, which India lacks in.
Explanation: Clearly, harnessing solar energy will be helpful as it is an inexhaustible resource unlike other resources. So, argument I is strong. But argument II is vague as solar energy is the cheapest form of energy.

Q.12: Statement: Should there be students union in college/university?
Arguments:
(I) No. This will create a political atmosphere in the campus.
(II) Yes, it is very necessary Students are future political leaders.
Explanation: The students union formation shall be a step towards giving to students the basic education in the field of politics. However, it shall create the same political atmosphere in the campus. Thus, both the arguments hold strong.

Q.13: Statement: Should India give away Kashmir to Pakistan?
Arguments:
(I) No. Kashmir is a beautiful state. It earns a lot of foreign exchange for India.
(II) Yes. This would help settle conflicts.
Explanation: Clearly, India cannot part with a state that is a major foreign exchange earner to it. So, argument I is strong. Further, giving away a piece of land unconditionally and unreasonably is no solution to settle disputes. So, argument II is vague.

Q.14: Statement: Should cottage industries be encouraged in rural areas?
Arguments:
(I) Yes. Rural people are creative.
(II) Yes. This would help to solve the problem of unemployment to some extent.