December Current Affairs 2018

  1. National Green Tribunal (NGT) has imposed a fine of _____ rupees on thermal power plants which do not meet 100% fly ash disposal criteria during electricity generation?
    A. Rs 2 crore
    B. Rs 5 crore
    C. Rs 3 crore
    D. Rs 4 crore
  2. B. Rs 5 crore
    The National Green Tribunal (NGT) has imposed Rs 5 crore fine on thermal power plants which do not meet 100% fly ash disposal criteria during electricity generation. The Thermal Power plants on which the fine is imposed needs to deposit Rs 5 crore with Central Pollution Control Board in a month. The move intended to curb the pollution caused by the Thermal Power plants. Although Fly ash is not a major source of pollution but it affects the crop grown in its vicinity.
  3. How many Indian states have achieved 100 % household electrification as on 29th November 2018?
    A. 12
    B. 15
    C. 18
    D. 10
  4. B. 15
    8 States have achieved 100% saturation in household electrification under Saubhagya scheme. They are Madhya Pradesh, Tripura, Bihar, Jammu and Kashmir, Mizoram, Sikkim, Telangana and West Bengal. With this a total of 15 states in India have 100 % household electrification now. This announcement was made by RK Singh, Union Minister of State (IC) for Power and Renewable Energy after the 'Review, Planning & Monitoring (RPM) Meeting with States and State Power Utilitie's in New Delhi, on 29th November 2018. So far, 2.1 crore connections have been released under Saubhagya. It is expected to achieve 100% saturation in India by 31st December 2018. Also, the Government is committed to ensure 24'7 access to electricity for all by 31st March 2019. An award scheme had also been announced, to create healthy competition among DISCOMs (Distribution Company)/Power Departments of States, with awards of more than Rs 300 crore to be won by States/DISCOMs.
  5. Bain & Company's latest report states that, India has the fastest growing online retail market among top global economies, with India's online retail market having a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of what percentage from 2013 to 2017?
    A. 53%
    B. 67%
    C. 48%
    D. 76%
  6. A. 53%
    Consultancy firm Bain & Company's latest report states that, India has the fastest growing online retail market among top global economies. According to the report, India's online retail market had a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 53% from 2013 to 2017. This rapid growth is due to heavily discount-driven e-commerce marketplaces, improvement in delivery infrastructure and increased smartphone penetration and data usage. India's total e-commerce retail sales in 2017 was nearly $20 billion. As per the studies, another $50 billion of online e-commerce could be introduced by adding new users and bringing back the currently inactive old users. Inspite of the rapid growth, online retail penetration in India is low at 5% compared to markets like China (20%) and the US (12%). India was in 8th rank in terms of online retail penetration among 11 countries. In India, consumer electronics segment has the highest online penetration (17%, which is e-commerce sales as percentage of total retail sales). It is followed by apparel and footwear (9%) and beauty and personal care (1%). Food & grocery had overall retail sales of nearly $530 billion in 2017. It has one of the lowest online penetrations at 0.1%.

  7. Vijay Varma and _____ are the two Indian Navy officers who were honoured with the 7th 'Asian of The Year' awards, at the Straits Times Global Outlook Forum 2019, in Singapore, on 28th November 2018?
    A. Ravi Sharma
    B. P Rajkumar
    C. Shiv Ganesh
    D. Ranjan Rao
  8. B. P Rajkumar
    On 28th November 2018, An Indian Navy Commander (Pilot) Vijay Varma and Captain (Pilot) P Rajkumar were honoured at the 7th 'Asian of The Year'awards acknowledging their selfless service and bravery in rescue operations during the devastating floods in Kerala. The winners were announced at the Straits Times Global Outlook Forum 2019 held in Singapore. Commander Varma, 42, winched up a pregnant woman who gave birth just after being airlifted to safety, during the rescue operation in a district of the port city of Kochi. Captain Rajkumar, 54, winched 26 people up from a rooftop in Kochi while hovering between trees and other houses besides pulling up a wheelchair-bound pregnant woman. Rajkumar ended up with 32 people on board. The award was presented to them by The Straits Times, a well-known Singapore daily. Centre for Humanitarian Assistance on Disaster Management (AHA Centre).
  9. Which organization has added Jamaican reggae, Georgian wrestling, Japanese raiho-shin rituals etc. to its list of 'intangible heritage'?
    A. UNICEF (United Nations International Children's Fund)
    B. UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization)
    C. WHO (World Health Organization)
    D. AIBA (International Boxing Association)
  10. B. UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization)
    On 29th November 2018, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) added Jamaican reggae, Georgian wrestling and Japanese raiho-shin rituals as among the new elements to its list of 'intangible heritage' for the world to treasure and improve the visibility of often little-known and understood arts traditions. The announcement came at a gathering of the Intergovernmental Committee for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage in Mauritius, which is meeting till December 1 to inscribe new elements to its much coveted intangible heritage list. Every year UNESCO updates its Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists, which seeks to ensure that traditions of essential cultural significance are preserved. The concept of protected list was started in 2008.
  11. When was the Day of Remembrance for all Victims of Chemical Warfare observed across the world?
    A. November 28
    B. November 29
    C. November 30
    D. November 26
  12. C. November 30
    On 30th November 2018, Day of Remembrance for all Victims of Chemical Warfare was observed all over the world. The United Nations observes the Day of Remembrance for all Victims of Chemical Warfare on 30th November each year. This day offers an opportunity to pay tribute to the victims of chemical warfare, and to reaffirm the commitment of Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) to eliminate the threat of chemical weapons. This day also promotes the goals of peace, security, and multilateralism.
  13. The _____ edition of Confederation of Indian Industries (CII) Agro Tech India-2018 was inaugurated by President Ram Nath Kovind on 1st December 2018 in Chandigarh?
    A. Fifth
    B. Ninth
    C. Fifteenth
    D. Thirteenth
  14. D. Thirteenth
    On December 1, 2018, the President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind, inaugurated the four day 13th edition of CII Agro Tech India-2018 in Chandigarh. The fair would conclude on December 4, 2018. The International Agro Technology and Business Fair was organized by Confederation of Indian Industries. The theme for the 2018 edition was 'Technology in Agriculture: Increasing Farmer's Income'. Great Britain was the partner country while the focus countries were Canada and China. Also the host states were Punjab and Haryana and the partner ministries included Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare and Ministry of Food Processing Industries.
  15. Which state celebrates the 19th Hornbill Festival 2018 from 1st to 10th December 2018?
    A. Manipur
    B. Nagaland
    C. Meghalaya
    D. Arunachal Pradesh
  16. B. Nagaland
    The 19th Hornbill Festival 2018 is celebrated from 1st to 10th December 2018 in Nagaland. It is celebrated at the Naga Heritage Village in Kisama, located around 12 kilometers from the capital of the Nagaland, Kohima. The Hornbill Festival is one of the most cherished festivals of Nagaland. It is named after Hornbill, one of the most venerated bird species in the state. The 10-day festival is celebrated annually during the first week of December, i.e. from December 1-10. It is organized by State Tourism and Arts and Culture Department, Government of Nagaland to encourage inter-tribal harmony and promote culture and traditions of the different tribes of the state.
  17. Which state had the most number of beneficiaries under the Credit Linked Subsidy Scheme (CLSS) under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban)?
    A. Maharashtra
    B. Madhya Pradesh
    C. Uttar Pradesh
    D. Gujarat
  18. D. Gujarat
    Around 2.75 lakh beneficiaries have availed a subsidy scheme under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban), with Gujarat topping the chart. Maharashtraand Madhya Pradesh had the most number of beneficiaries under the Credit Linked Subsidy Scheme (CLSS) after Gujarat. Over 88,000 beneficiaries have been disbursed CLSS in Gujarat, while 74,000 people have availed the subsidy in Madhya Pradesh in three categories ' economically weaker section (EWS), low income group (LIG) and middle income group (MIG) categories under the PMAY (U).
  19. Which will be the focal country of the 12 day 43rd International Kolkata Book Fair that will begin from January 30, 2019, in Kolkata?
    A. Mexico
    B. Czech Republic
    C. Croatia
    D. Guatemala
  20. D. Guatemala
    Guatemala will be the focal country of the 12 day 43rd International Kolkata Book Fair that will begin from January 30, 2019, in Kolkata. Around 20 countries from Asia, Europe and Latin America would take part. The fair will be inaugurated by West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee. The fair would conclude on February 10, Publishers and Booksellers Guild officials told the media here in the presence of Ambassador of Guatemala in India Giovanni Castillo.
  21. Ebola outbreak in which country which was declared the second largest in history, by World Health Organization, on 29th November 2018?
    A. Nigeria
    B. Congo
    C. Libya
    D. Zambia
  22. B. Congo
    Congo's deadly Ebola outbreak is now the second largest in history, behind the devastating West Africa outbreak that killed thousands a few years ago, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared on 29th November 2018. WHO's emergencies chief, Dr. Peter Salama, called it a 'sad toll' as Congo's health ministry announced the number of cases has reached 426. That includes 379 confirmed cases and 47 probable ones. So far this outbreak, declared on Aug. 1, has 198 confirmed deaths, with another 47 probable ones.
  23. RBI (Reserve Bank of India) announced the date of its implementation of the Net Stable Funding Ration (NSFR) norms to be from _____?
    A. April 1, 2020
    B. July 1, 2020
    C. February 1, 2020
    D. June 1, 2020
  24. A. April 1, 2020
    On December 1, 2018, RBI announced the date of its implementation of the Net Stable Funding Ration (NSFR) norms to be from April 1, 2020. In the backdrop of global crises since 2007, the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS) proposed certain reforms to strengthen global capital and liquidity regulations with the objective of promoting a more resilient banking sector. The NSFR norms were thus issued and from the aforesaid date the NSFR norms would be active in the Indian banking sector. The norms would be applicable for Indian banks at the solo as well as consolidated level, whereas, foreign banks operating as branches in India, the framework would be applicable on stand-alone basis (for Indian operations only).

  25. Who was the first Leader to be Stripped Of Freedom Of Paris Award on 30th November 2018?
    A. Aung San Suu Kyi
    B. Vladimir Putin
    C. Donald Trump
    D. Emmanuel Macron
  26. A. Aung San Suu Kyi
    On November 30, 2018, Mayor Anne Hidalgo of Paris, France revoked the honour of Freedom of Paris Award from the Myanmar Leader Aung San Suu Kyi due to failure on Myanmar's Rohingya minority issue. This move made Suu Kyi the first person to lose the freedom of the French capital. Due to her inaction on the matter, she had already been stripped of her honorary Canadian citizenship and her Amnesty International's 'Ambassador of Conscience Award'.
  27. Who was the First Indian,conferred with the Blue Cross, the ISSF's (International Shooting Sport Federation) highest award at the General Assembly in Munich, on 30thNovember 2018?
    A. Deepak Punia
    B. Sumit Rawat
    C. Rahul Singh
    D. Abhinav Bindra
  28. D. Abhinav Bindra
    On November 30, 2018, India's Olympic and world champion shooter Abhinav Bindra was conferred the Blue Cross, the ISSF's highest award at the General Assembly in Munich. He is the first Indian to be awarded the Blue Cross. It was bestowed upon him for his outstanding services as the chairman of the International Shooting Sport Federation's Athletes Committee. Also the committee has brought out a comprehensive Athletes Handbook, for the benefit of shooters around the world. Bindra was succeeded in the post by the American shooter Kimberly Rhode.
  29. Padmasree Warrior, Komal Mangtani, Neha Narkhede and _____ are the 4 Indian-origin women named by Forbes among America's top 50 female technology moguls?
    A. Kiran Rao
    B. Sunita Sharma
    C. Kamakshi Sivaramakrishnan
    D. Avni Singh
  30. C. Kamakshi Sivaramakrishnan
    Four Indian-origin women have been named by Forbes among America's top 50 female technology moguls, a list that includes tech heavyweights IBM CEO Ginni Rometty and Netflix executive Anne Aaron. Padmasree Warrior, former chief technology officer (CTO) of Cisco, Komal Mangtani, senior director at app-based cab aggregator Uber, Neha Narkhede, chief technology officer and co-founder of streaming platform Confluent and Kamakshi Sivaramakrishnan, CEO and founder of identity-management company Drawbrige are in the list.
  31. ____ will succeed Paul Polman who will step down as CEO of Unilever, in December 2018?
    A. Alan Jope
    B. Mark Jeffery
    C. Caleb Hudson
    D. Andrew Gilbert
  32. A. Alan Jope
    Unilever's Chief Executive Paul Polman will step down in December 2018 after ten years in the job. The Anglo-Dutch group was forced to ditch a controversial post-Brexit plan to move its headquarters from London to the Rotterdam, Netherlands. Mr Polman will be succeeded by Alan Jope, the Scottish executive who has been running Unilever's beauty and personal care business, its biggest division. The new CEO's agenda will be Unilever's bid for GlaxoSmithKline's Indian Horlicks nutrition business, where it is competing against consumer giant Nestle, as well as handling any fallout from a possible no-deal Brexit as Britain is due to leave the EU in March 2019.
  33. Who has become the first woman to win the Greg Norman Medal as the best Australian golfer on the international stage?
    A. Minjee Lee
    B. Asha Louie
    C. Sabrina James
    D. Sheena Weinstein
  34. A. Minjee Lee
    22 Years old Australian Golfer, Minjee Lee became the first woman to win prestigious Greg Norman Medal as the best Australian golfer on the international stage after her brilliant performance in 2018. Minjee Lee who breaks into the Top 10 of the world ranking with the sixth rank joined the Jason Day and Marc Leishman in the list of winners of Australian golf's prestigious individual honour.
  35. Which football player claimed the Champions League Record of having the most goals for a club, on 28th November 2018?
    A. Lionel Messi
    B. Cristiano Ronaldo
    C. Neymar
    D. Mohammed Salah
  36. A. Lionel Messi
    On 28th November 2018, Barcelona striker Lionel Messi surpassed his long rival Cristiano Ronaldo from Portugal after scoring his 106th Goal against PSV Eindhoven to reclaim the Champions League Record of having the most goals for a club. Portugal star, Cristiano Ronaldo has scored 105 goal playing for Real Madrid and leads the competition's all time chart with 121 Champion league goals.
  37. George HW Bush passed away on 1st December 2018. He was the former president of which country?
    A. France
    B. United States
    C. Russia
    D. Spain
  38. B. United States
    On December 1, 2018, the former United States President George HW Bush passed away at 94. He was the 41st president of the United States and had been in leadership during the end of the Cold War.
  39. What was the theme of the 30th World AIDS Day observed on 1st December 2018?
    A. Prevention is better than cure
    B. Know Your Status
    C. Right to health
    D. Stop AIDS
  40. B. Know Your Status
    December 1 is seen as the World AIDS day globally to show support for people living with HIV, and to commemorate those who have died from an AIDS-related illness.It was founded by UN organization World Health Organization (WHO) in 1988 as the first ever global health day. Thus, 2018 marked the 30th anniversary of World AIDS Day. The theme for the 2018 version is 'Know Your Status'.