Politics Current Affairs Questions and Answers – Updated

Indian Politics – Questions and Answers

Q.1: Who is the longest serving Chief Minister of any Indian state?
A. Lal Thanhawla
B. Gegong Apang
C. Pawan Kumar Chamling
D. Jyoti Basu
Answer: C. Pawan Kumar Chamling
Explanation: Pawan Kumar Chamling of the Sikkim Democratic Front was the longest serving Chief Minister of Sikkim from 1994-2019.

Q.2: Who has been appointed as the new General Secretary of the BJP?
A. BL Santosh
B. Manohar Joshi
C. Ramlal
D. Amit Shah
Answer: A. BL Santosh
Explanation: BL Santhosh appointed as BJP general secretary – organisation, to replace Ramlal. BL Santosh was appointed as National General Secretary (Organisation) of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) on Sunday. He was earlier the Joint General Secretary Organisation of the party.

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Q.3: What is the serving term of the members of Rajya Sabha?
A. 4 yrs
B. 5 yrs
C. 6 yrs
D. 7 yrs
Answer: C. 6 yrs
Explanation: Rajya Sabha is a permanent House and is not subject to dissolution. However, one-third Members of Rajya Sabha retire after every second year. A member who is elected for a full term serves for a period of six years.

Q.4: Constitution of India was adopted by constituent assembly on?
A. 25 Jan 1948
B. 25 Jan 1949
C. 26 Jan 1950
D. 26 Nov 1949
Answer: D. 26 Nov 1949
Explanation: The Republic is governed in terms of the Constitution of India which was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26th November, 1949 and came into force on 26th January, 1950.

Q.5: Leena Nair is appointed as the secretary in the ministry of _____________.
A. Home Affairs
B. Tribal affairs
C. External Affairs
D. Chemicals and Fertilizers, Parliamentary Affairs
Answer: B. Tribal affairs
Explanation: Leena Nair IAS presently Secretary, Ministry of Women & Child Development. She has been given additional Charge of the post of Secretary, Ministry of Tribal Affairs.

Q.6: What is the current age of retirement of judges from supreme courts and high courts respectively in India?
A. 65 years & 60 years
B. 65 years & 62 years
C. 65 years & 63 years
D. 65 years for both
Answer: B. 65 years & 62 years
Explanation: The current age of retirement for Supreme Court judges is 65 years while High Court Judges is 62 years. There was a bill introduced to raise the age of retirement of high court judges also to 65 years but that bill was never passed.

Q.7: Who can remove the Vice-President from his office?
A. Legislative assemblies of the State
B. Parliament
C. President
D. Prime minister
Answer: B. Parliament
Explanation: The Vice President can be removed by a resolution by the members of the Rajya Sabha. To move such resolution, a 14 days' notice is to be given. Such a resolution, though passed by the Rajya Sabha only, but must be agreeable to the Lok Sabha. There is no need of impeachment of Vice President for removal.

Q.8: Which of the following article deals with the election of the Vice-president?
A. Article 62
B. Article 64
C. Article 66
D. Article 68
Answer: C. Article 66
Explanation: Article 66 : Election of Vice-President – For the purposes of this article, a person shall not be deemed to hold any office of profit by reason only that he is the President of Vice-President of the Union or the Governor of any State or is a Minister either for the Union or for any State.

Q.9: Who is selected as the 14th President of India?
A. Meira Kumar
B. Rajesh Kumar
C. Ram Nath Kovind
D. Suresh Kumar
Answer: C. Ram Nath Kovind
Explanation: National Democratic Alliance (NDA) candidate and former Bihar Governor Ram Nath Kovind has been selected as India's 14th President of the country. He defeated opposition's Meira Kumar, a former Lok Sabha speaker, winning more than 65 percent of the votes in the Electoral College. A total of 32 polling stations including the one in Parliament House was set up in various states and a total number of 4,896 electors, 4,120 MLAs and 776 elected MPs are eligible to cast their ballot.

Q.10: A judge of Supreme Court of India can be removed from office by __ ?
A. Judges of Supreme Court by Majority
B. Parliament by law
C. President on a resolution by Parliament
D. President on his/ her own discretion
Answer: C. President on a resolution by Parliament
Explanation: A Judge of the Supreme Court (and also High Court) can be removed from his position by President only on the ground of proved misbehavior or incapacity. The power for investigation and proof of such misbehavior or incapacity is vested in the parliament. Each house, in order to remove the judge, will have to pass a resolution which is supported by 2/3rd of members present and voting and majority of the total membership of the house (absolute + special majority).

Q.11: Which of the following is not a correct statement about UPSC?
A. Composition of UPSC is determined by President
B. UPSC Chairman can be removed by Central Government by order
C. UPSC submits its annual report to the President
D. All of the above are correct statements
Answer: B. UPSC Chairman can be removed by Central Government by order
Explanation: Article 317 deals with the removal of the Chairman or any other member of a Public Service Commission. The only president is empowered to remove members/chairmen of UPSC, JPSC as well as state PSCs. They can be removed from office by order of the President on the ground of misbehavior after the Supreme Court, on reference being made to it by the President, has, on inquiry held in accordance with the procedure prescribed in that behalf under article 145, reported that the Chairman or such other member, as the case may be, ought on any such ground to be removed.

Q.12: The Members of the Rajya Sabha are elected by:
A. Elected members of the Legislative Assembly
B. Elected members of the Legislative Council
C. Lok Sabha
D. The People
Answer: A. Elected members of the Legislative Assembly
Explanation: Members of Rajya Sabha are elected by the elected members of the Assemblies of States and Union territories in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote.

Q.13: The Members of the Panchayat are nominated by:
A. The Block Development Organization
B. The District Officer
C. The Electorates of the respective territorial constituencies
D. The Local Self-Government Minister of the State
Answer: C. The Electorates of the respective territorial constituencies
Explanation: The Members of Gram Panchayats, Panch of Gram Kutchahry, Members of Panchayat Samiti and Zila Parishad are elected directly by the electorates of the respective territorial constituencies through universal adult franchise.

Q.14: Which of the following commission was appointed by the Central Government on Union-State relations in 1983?
A. Dutt Commission
B. Rajamannar Commission
C. Sarkariya Commission
D. Setalvad Commission
Answer: C. Sarkariya Commission
Explanation: Sarkaria Commission was set up in June 1983 by the central government of India. The Sarkaria Commission's charter was to examine the relationship and balance of power between state and central governments in the country and suggest changes within the framework of Constitution of India. The Commission was so named as it was headed by Justice Ranjit Singh Sarkaria (Chairman of the commission), a retired judge of the Supreme Court of India.

Q.15: The members of Lok Sabha are:
A. Directly elected by the People
B. Indirectly elected
C. Nominated
D. Partly elected and partly nominated
Answer: A. Directly elected by the People
Explanation: Lok Sabha is composed of representatives of the people chosen by direct election on the basis of the adult suffrage. The maximum strength of the House envisaged by the Constitution is 552, which is made up by election of upto 530 members to represent the States, upto 20 members to represent the Union Territories and not more than two members of the Anglo-Indian Community to be nominated by the Hon'ble President, if, in his/her opinion, that community is not adequately represented in the House. The total elective membership is distributed among the States in such a way that the ratio between the number of seats allotted to each State and the population of the State is, so far as practicable, the same for all States.